Wednesday, December 11, 2002

differance SPORT, GAMES and PLAY (outdoor recreation)


A Sport is all forms of physical activity which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical fitness and provide entertainment to participants. Sport may be competitive, where a winner or winners can be identified by objective means, and may require a degree of skill, especially at higher levels. Hundreds of sports exist, including those for a single participant, through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either in teams or competing as individuals. Some non-physical activities, such as board games and card games are sometimes referred to as sports, but a sport is generally recognised as being based in physical atheliticism.
Sports are usually governed by a set of rules or customs. Physical events such as scoring goals or crossing a line first often define the result of a sport. However, the degree of skill and performance in some sports such as diving, deressage and figure skating is judged according to well-defined criteria. This is in contrast with other judged activities such as beuty pegant and body building where skill does not have to be shown and the criteria are not as well defined.

A game is structured playing, usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool. Games are distinct from work, which is usually carried out for remuneration, and from art, which is more often an expression of aesthetic or ideological elements. However, the distinction is not clear-cut, and many games are also considered to be work (such as professional players of spectator sports/games) or art (such as jigsaw puzzles or games involving an artistic layout such as mahjong,
solitare or some video games).
Key components of games are goals, rules, challenge, and interation Games generally involve mental or physical stimulation, and often both. Many games help develop practical skills, serve as a form of
exersice,or otherwise perform an educational, simulational,or psychological role.


Play is a term employed in ethology and psychology to describe to a range of voluntary, intrinsically movated,activities normally associated with pleasure and enjoyment.That is, some hypothesize that play is preparation of skills that will be used later. Others appeal to modern findings in neuroscience to argue that play is actually about training a general flexibility of mind  including highly adaptive practices like training multiple ways to do the same thing, or playing with an idea that is "good enough" in the hopes of maybe making it better.Some play has clearly defined goals and when structured with rules is called a "game", whereas, other play exhibits no such goals nor rules and is considered to be "unstructured" in the literature. Play promotes broaden and build behaviors as well as mental states of  happiness including flow.
Ethologists frequently divide play into three general categories: Social play, locomotor play and object play. Locomotor play is the pretend playing that a very young animal participates in when alone.The jumping and spinning characteristic of locomotorplay can best be seen in young goats.

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